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Top 10 Programming Languages in 2019

Top 10 Programming Languages in 2019

Programming languages for web development have evolved over time. Its main purpose, in this case, is no longer to only create a static website. Today, programming languages are being used to create more interactive web elements and applications that can capture users attention and make them perform any action.

But that does not mean that the evolution stops here. This is why learning is a continuous process, necessary to acquire a thorough understanding of the fundamental concepts of programming languages. Additionally, the learning process makes it easier for them to incorporate the learned concepts in the design of the language.

Seasoned web developers have the required knowledge of programming languages, acquired through experience. Hence, when it comes to picking a programming language, it would have to be one that is less complicated and something that is familiar to them.

This, however, is not the case for new developers. For them, there are hundreds of languages to choose from and they have no idea where to begin.

Hence, to guide newbie web developers to make a choice and stay abreast with the trends of today, here are 10 programming languages they should stick with.

Top 10 Programming Languages- 2019

There are an array of options to choose from in the present day when it comes to programming languages. It is due to this diversity that businesses are facing difficulty in finding and hiring the right developer for their needs.

The bar graph below is a representation of the top 20 programming languages based on their TIOBE index ratings, June 2019. Let’s have a closer look at the first 10 programming languages to make life easier for web developers worldwide.

Programming languages 2019 (2)
Image Courtesy: Towards Data Science

1. Java

Java is 99% object-oriented and is robust as java objects contain no references to data external to themselves. Java is known to be simpler than C++ because it utilizes automatic garbage collection and memory allocation.

Java has gained popularity in various projects, which also includes web development. You can also use Java to build mobile apps for Android.
The main idea behind Java is that it can run on pretty much any device and platform. Thus, if you decide to learn it for web development, you have a powerful tool to use for mobile or desktop software development, too. 

The biggest shortcoming of Java is that it’s not the best tool for small-scale projects. Java development takes longer than with Ruby or Python. Therefore, you won’t see Java used at startups who need to launch their web apps asap. 

2. C

In its initial phase, C was designed to carry out Unix operating systems. Hence, all the supporting tools, libraries, and most of the Unix Kernel were written in C. With the passage of time, C was found useful in other programs because of its flexibility for memory management.

In the case of C programming memory is allocated dynamically, automatically, and statically, assisted by malloc and callocfunctions. Today, C programming is popular and widely used by programmers due to the level of control it offers them when allocating memory.

Additionally, C programming is known to sit close to the operating system making it an efficient language that allows easy access to a system’s memory.

Though C may be a good choice for system-level programming, yet it is not the perfect alternative for application-level programming. Pointers in C programming have been a common area of confusion and errors for programmers. Furthermore, the language also lacks precise support in case of classes and objects.

3. Python

According to the TIOBE index for June 2019, Python’s popularity as a programming language has soared by 8.5%. It has also been predicted that the programming language will replace Java and C in the next 3-4 years at this rate.

Python is also considered to be the programming language of the future. No wonder, the programming language earned itself a second place as one of the most loved top programming languages as well as the most wanted programming language, according to Stack Overflow’s developer survey of 2019.

Though Python runs slower than Java, yet on the bright side, it also takes lesser time to develop. An easy to read programming language, Python is designed with simple descriptions and common sense syntax. Thus, it offers a great user experience and is perfect for teaching those who are new to the field.

Python programming forms the core for PUBG, one of the most played online games in the world.

4. C++

Alike C, C++ works closely to the system memory thus making it a great programming language to write embedded software, device drivers, and operating system kernels. C++ programming is compact, which means that it is easy and fast to execute.

In fact, C++ is possibly the fastest and versatile programming language known in the world, equipped with an immense network of frameworks, libraries, and tools. A valuable resource, C++ programming is used almost everywhere.

C++ is especially popular among game developers due to its versatile nature and excellent support for computer graphics like OpenGL. C++programming is evolving into an ever-better language and is hence good for maintaining large-scale software.

5. Visual Basic .NET

TIOBE ranks as the fifth most popular programming language in the present day, two places up since 2018. Analysts at TIOBE are surprised to see the rise of Visual Basic .NET, even ahead of Javascript.

It’s a perfectly good language. I like it about as much as C# and I think it’s easier for people to read even if they don’t know it (compared to, for example, C# or JavaScript).

Vogel replying to a reader.

6. C#

C# was first developed in the year 2000 at Microsoft by Anders Hejlsberg. C# is Microsoft’s own programming language and was created because Sun, which was later purchased by Oracle, did not want any changes made to Java. Since its inception, C# has grown exponentially especially with comprehensive support from Microsoft, and has gained a large popularity today.

C# is a general-purpose language and is often considered to be a hybrid of C and C++. It was designed for creating apps on the Microsoft platform, which only worked if it used the .NET framework on Windows.

The programming language can be used to create almost any type of program. However, its strong suite lies in making Windows applications and games. In the present time, the programming language has gained popularity for mobile development as well.

7. JavaScript

According to the 2019 Stack Overflow Developer survey, JavaScript has been recognized as the most popular programming language. JavaScript is popular because of its graphical UI and its role as the scripting language of the world wide web.

Though JavaScript as a programming language is not designed for systems programming. It is a higher level language and is easy to get started with. The programming language is famous among beginners because they straightaway start coding on it from the browser without having to set up any development environment.

According to the TIOBE index, JavaScript is ranked as the 7th most popular language and is one of the most used applications on both desktop and mobile devices. JavaScript has a lot of technical innovation going on, which will only add more.

8. PHP

PHP is a high-level programming language and is traditionally used as a server-side scripting language. PHP is a great option for developers. For instance, its codes runs faster since it uses its own memory. Additionally, with PHP, most associated tools are open source, like WordPress, which make it less expensive.

In terms of database connectivity, PHP is capable of connecting to several databases, the most common one being MySQL, which can be used for free. There are so many reasons to love this programming language, but the most valid one is that PHP runs everywhere the web does.

Some popular tools that are all running PHP on the server are Drupal, Joomla, ExpressionEngine, Magento, and MediaWiki.

9. SQL

Structured Query Language aka SQL is a domain specific language that most developers use to manage relational databases and manoeuvre the data within them. SQL does not require prior programming skills.

SQL has its own markup like other programming languages. Hence, for a developer to be able to use SQL effectively, it is imminent that they first learn SQL markup.

10. Objective-C

This programming language was developed in the year 1984 by
Tom Love and Brad Cox and was the primary language for Apple iOS until 2014, when Apple launched Swift.

Objective-C is a general-purpose, object-oriented programming language, a subset of C that offers developers object-oriented capabilities and a dynamic runtime.